means bubbling water. It refers to
the Karez water which pops up everywhere
when there is no drought situation.
The Zhob district is located in the
Balochistan Province in the north
east of Pakistan. It lies close to
the Afghanistan border. Zhob town
is just east of Zhob river on an open
plain. To the north is a ridge, about
150 ft high, on which is a castle
from the time when the British colonized
the area. In the winter, the weather
is cold and the snow is normal. In
the summer, although the temperature
can get up to 100 degrees Fahrenheit,
there is little moisture, so it is
trees and plants found in Zhob district
are wild olive (shinay), pistachio,
chilgoza or edible pine and wild almond
in ghigh lands. Other trees include
willow, tamarisk (along the beds of
streams) pastawana (grewia oppositifolio)
and spalnai (calotropis gigantea).
animals are wolves, jackals, hyenas,
foxes, deer, and porcupines. Leopards
and black bear are occasionally found
in the high hills in Suleman range.
Wild pigs are seen along Zhob river
while straight horned markhors, wild
goats, are present in moderate numbers
in Shinghar mountains.
the game bird chakor, partridge and
pigeon are numerous i n higher altitudes,
Sand grouse, quails, and bustard are
found in plains.
birds are doves, hoopoe, starlings
and vegetals, Jay black birds, wood
pigeons, cuckoos and thrush live in
high ranges while wild duck and pelican
are seen along the Zhob river in winter.
and scorpion are common every where
in Zhob. Fish (Mahsir) are found in
every running stream and in Zhob river
some of which weigh up to 8 pounds.
part the area is hilly barren with
very limited water resources for agriculture
purposes. However, during recent years
tube wells have become quite abundant;
as a result agricultural activity
has risen and a total of 36170 acres
of land is under cultivation in the
district. Sowing and harvesting are
still largely carried out in traditional
manner but the use of agricultural
machinery is increasing day by day.
16206 acres of land is irrigated throughout
the district. Majority of the area
in the district is irrigated by springs.
claims historical significance being
the crade of the Afghan race. Qais
Abdul Rashid, who is believed to be
the progenitor of Pashtoons or Afghanis,
is said to have lived around the vicinity
of Suleman mountains near Zhob, where
he is said to have been born in 575
AD and died somewhere 661 AD, the
site is known as Takhta-e-Suleman
or "Kas-Ghar" (the mountain
of Qais). He is buried near Takht-e-Suleman.
district is inhabited by Mandokhels,
Kakars, Sheranis, Haripals, Babars,
Lawoons, Khosty and Syeds. Sulemankhels,
Nasars, Kharots, and other tribes
of Afghan origin are also present.
of the people have two meals daily,
one in the morning and other at sunset.
Only well-to-do families have a third
meal. An average meal consists of
nan, locally called "marai"
with pulses, vegetables/meat broth
and butter milk (lassi). Consumption
of landhi, or dried meat is common
during winters. Sheep are specially
fattened so that they may be more
suitible for preparing "landhi"
Custom, and Traditions
dominating life style is still nomadic.
Scattered mud huts exist for seasonal
habitation; summer is spent in highlands
and winter in lower plains for feeding
cattle in tribal reserved pastures.
The people are deeply religious and
their lives are marked by strict adherence
to tribal norms and values.
are two major channels for conflict
resolution in the district: namely
the traditional/tribal and the government/
institutional. The traditional/tribal
channel however has proved more effective
than the latter. In the past jirga
system operated in the region which
was the traditional system where by
tribal elders sat together to settle
disputes and mete out justice to offenders.
The system stands annulled by a decision
of the Supreme Court of Pakistan in
1991. The government however, still
forms informal jirgas (comprising
of notables from the tribes) for conflict
resolution, as they have proven to
be very effective.
the 1990s, the enrollment of children
in schools nearly doubled in the Zhob
district. For boys, it went from 15136
in 1993 to 21841 in 1997. For girls,
it more than doubled, from 3046 in
1993 to 6789 in 1997.
rural population of the district is
231.30 thousand, constituting, 84.07
percent of the population. The average
annual growth rate of the rural population
during 1981-98 is 1.44 percent which
was 9.74 and 5.96 percents during
1972-81 and 1961-72 respectively.
The urban population of the district
is 43.84 thousand of the total population,
constituting 15.93 percent of the
person was treated as literate in
the 1998 census if he could read a
newspaper and write a simple letter
in any language. The literacy ration
of the district among the population
aged 10 years and above is 16.78 percent,
47.84 percent for urban areas, and
10.40 percent for rural areas.
percent of the children under 10 years
of age have been reported as vaccinated,
while 21.01 percent have been reported
as not vaccinated, leaving the rest
25.65 as not known.