primary school teachers lack motivation
By YesPakistan.com Staff
There are many complaints
about Pakistan's primary schools and the lack of quality education found in
them. One of the main concerns is the lack of proper teaching and teacher motivation.
This problem has and continues to lead to the erosion of standards in the nation's
In practical terms, a teacher's
poor motivation translates into absenteeism, indifferent classroom practices
and teachers leaving the profession. This high turnover in the profession is
especially damaging for the whole system because the government's investment
in teacher training is lost and replacing and training teachers who have left
is another expense incurred.
There are five reasons primary
school teachers in Pakistan lack motivation.
The first is an inadequate
salary. In Pakistan, primary school teachers earn roughly between Rs 1,400 and
Rs 2,860 ($32 to $65). This is less than what a cook, gardener or chauffeur
Good pay is one incentive
to encourage employees in any profession to work harder and in a more dedicated
and enthusiastic manner. Financial security helps them concentrate on their
jobs without worrying about how to make ends meet every month. Because many
primary school teachers in Pakistan are forced to take on extra jobs to supplement
their incomes, they are often absent from the classroom.
Second, unlike medicine
and engineering, teaching as a profession does not garner the status and respect
the former two vocations do. In fact, the status of teachers, particularly male
teachers, has suffered so severely that men who are part of Pakistan's "educated
unemployed" (individuals with high qualifications but who remain unemployed)
become teachers only as a last resort. Even in this case though, teaching is
seen as a temporary job that will be left once a better opportunity comes along.
Third, the horrible working
conditions many teachers must endure further lessen their motivation. They discourage
possible candidates from becoming teachers and often lead to incumbent teachers
leaving the profession.
According to the Human Development
in South Asia's 1998 report, 70 per cent of the schools in Pakistan have no
toilets, 68 percent no drinking water, 92 percent no playgrounds, 60 per cent
no boundary walls and 16 percent are without a building.
A delegation from the UK
to Pakistan has also noted a lack of desks, books, blackboards, electricity,
doors, and windows, not to mention the problem of overcrowded classrooms. And
the phenomena of "ghost schools", institutions which receive government
grants but do not exist, are now common knowledge.
Fourth, there is little
opportunity for career advancement in the teaching profession in Pakistan, especially
for primary school teachers. The only one available to most teachers is to move
into secondary school teaching. This however, has negative effects on the primary
school system, since it is often the most motivated teachers who leave teaching
primary school for secondary school.
Finally, there is virtually
no system of accountability for teachers. Teachers are often accountable to
Pakistan's education department which is far from their teaching milieu. This
means they can get away with absenteeism. There is no local authority to ensure
that teachers attend classes and teach their students. Head teachers have little
authority to censure teachers who do not turn up for work. Even parents have
no way to endure proper teaching.
It is clear that a formal
strategy needs to be put in place to address teachers' needs while stressing
and encouraging accountability and initiative. Otherwise, Pakistan's children
in primary schools, especially in the rural areas, will continue to suffer from
illiteracy and a lack of education, leading to little hope for their future
or Pakistan's as a nation.
Date/Time Last Modified: 6/17/2002 3:45:03 PM
minhas: 12/28/2006 9:44:40 PM
90%facts, salaries have been increased but still a big gap ,contract system is another hurdle in educated male and females to justify their job .i agree that lack of supervision and controle plus a reasonable salary system can at least run this system if not fully improve it
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